Activity Array

Here you'll find an array of activities for elementary children that can be used in Children's Ministry, after-school programs, in the classroom and by homeschoolers.

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We just had fun doing the Pathfinder Honor Bridges at our district’s honors day.  Many have enjoyed seeing the honor info in Power Point mode.  If you, too, are interested here is what I compiled.  The information comes from the wiki Pathfinder online.

The kids really enjoyed making their bridges!

We started off our time with talking about how Jesus is a bridge giving us salvation, which is the 9th requirement.  This is the first slide of the Power Point.BridgesPPSlide1  What I said went something like this:  When we sin, we break the law of God. (I broke a Popsicle stick for emphasis and used it to demonstrate the following.)  God already has a plan to mend our relationship and fix the sin problem.  Initially he showed what that plan was by having His people sacrifice a lamb.  Doing this helped them know His true plan, that Jesus would come and die for our sin because sin brings death.  Jesus payed the penalty for our sin.  Sacrificing the lamb was not a true fix.  It was like putting a clip on the two broken parts.  It kind of works, but it’s not permanent and the sticks can still move apart.  Jesus is one with God.  (I glued one half of the broken stick to a good stick.)  Jesus and God are full of love.  They love you.  They both want you and I to be with them.  When we accept Jesus as our Savior and let Him come in our heart we choose to let Him be in charge.  We become one with Him.  (I glued the other half of the broken stick to the good stick.)  Now the relationship is mended.  Now we can join God in making something cool!


Bridges Honor

The Power Point gives the information for the honor interspersed with times and directions for building either a truss or cable bridge.  Doing it this way allowed time for the bridge parts to dry.

I also had bridge directions on the table for them to reference.


Bridge directions

The bridge journal fulfills the requirement to make a scrapbook.  It would have been fun to make a multi-media presentation, too, but we didn’t have time.  The honor took a good 2.5 hrs, but could easily fill 3 to 4 hours.  The journal gives a space for the kids to draw the bridge and has facts about that kind of bridge.



It also asks for 2 examples of each type of bridge.



I hope you enjoy doing this honor too!



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Joseph Board Game

Joseph’s Journey From Prison to Palace

While we talking about Joseph.  Here is a game the kids enjoyed putting together during our Egypt VBS.  They started with the title board piece and the board piece for Day 1.   Each day they received a new board piece to add to their game.  By the end of the week they had all 6 pieces to make the full game.

Download a pdf of the game here:  Game Joseph’s Journey From Prison to Palace

In addition to the game boards, each child will need a dice, and 16 bingo chips.

Have fun playing!

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Joseph skit

Joseph is one of my favorite Biblical characters.  In his story we learn that God knows the future and we can trust Him.  We also see faithfulness and forgiveness demonstrated in profound ways.  Here is a skit that I wrote for children’s church, which involves the audience.  It is a bit longer, so I’ll just post one scene here and provide this downloadable copy:

Joseph with audience participation


Scene 2 – Not a typical day at Home Sweet Home

Bible MV:            (Recite Philippians 4:13)  “I can do all this through him who gives me strength.”

Jacob:                   (Thinking out loud) Hmmmmm.  I want to do something special for Joseph.  I will make him a coat.  A coat of many colors!  (Go gets a rectangle of white paper that has been folded in half.  A neck hole has been cut out in the middle and the front has been cut from the neck hole to the bottom.   When done, tape edges from the arms down)

Audience leader:             We need some volunteers to help Jacob with Joseph’s coat.  (Gives each volunteer some squares [about 3”x3”] of colored paper and a glue stick.)  Here are some pieces of paper.  We need you to glue them to Joseph’s coat.  You can glue them wherever and however you want.  (Give them time to finish…. then ….)  Thank you!  That is beautiful and so colorful!  You may go back to your seats.

Jacob:                   (Calls)  Joseph, come here!  (Joseph comes)  Joseph, I’m impressed with how quick you learn and with your work around here.  I made a special coat for you.  Come try it on!

Joseph:                (puts on coat)  Thank you Father!  It’s gorgeous!  (hugs father)  Thank you!  Good night father.  (Goes to side of stage and lays down.)

Jacob:                   Good night son.  (leaves) (lights dim)

Extras:                  (Stand in a circle.  1 goes to the center.  All the others bow to the center one.   Then they all leave.  They come back.  One holds up a moon.   One holds up a sun.  The others hold up stars.  They all bow down to the sleeping Joseph.  Then they leave.)

Jacob:                   Good morning family!  Rise and shine!  There’s work to be done!

Reuben, Judah, Joseph (wearing robe), and Extras:  (Come in, greet Jacob, and sit down near him)    Good morning father!

Joseph:                May I tell you all something father?

Jacob:                   Sure son.  Come here.  Family, Joseph is wearing the new robe I gave him.  Joseph you are one special kid!

Joseph:                Thank you Father.  I had an interesting dream last night.  My brothers and I were out in the field harvesting wheat.  Then their sheaves of wheat bowed down to mine.

Reuben & Judah:     (sneer)  Are we going to bow down to you?

Joseph:                Then I had another dream.  The stars, moon, and sun bowed down to me.

Jacob:                   (wondering, reflective)  Will I bow down to you? …. Hmmm?  Will anyway, it’s time to get to work.  Boys, take the sheep to the upper pasture.  Joseph, I’ll send you with some food in a couple of days.

Reuben, Judah, & some extras  go get the sheep and walk around behind the audience and back up on the stage while everyone else leaves the stage.

Judah                    (Sits watching the sheep and talking to Reuben)  I’m not going to stand by while Joseph gets all the honor!  It’s not fair!

Joseph:                (walks in wearing the coat and carrying a bundle)  Hey brothers!  Dad sends his greeting.  How is it going?  I brought you some fresh food!

Reuben:               (takes food and leaves)  Thanks!

Judah & extras: (grab Joseph and tear off his coat)  Thanks for nothing.  You little dreamer!  Throw him in the well over there.  (throw him out a door or behind the set or into a box)

Joseph:                (talks into a water bottle to get the well echo effect)  Help!  Help!  Get me out!  Help!

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Google Earth Habitat Unit

I wrote this unit while taking a Google Earth class for Heritage University.  I post it for teachers, not those who are taking the course.  The project features the Steppe Habitat, but this could be changed to any habitat.

Google Earth STEPPE Climate Assignments:

  1. We will be studying the Steppe climate on Google Earth Pro. Please make sure that you have the following downloaded:
    1. Google Earth Pro
    2. World Koppen, which is a climate layer that you will need to add. To add go to this site:              (Scroll down and note the known and suspected errors.)  You will find the link needed in the 6th paragraph which says:  “Two GoogleEarth layers (*.kml) of the map are available basic info version and detailed info version. Save  link to your computer and open the kml file in GoogleEarth. [Thanks to Gerrit Hendriksen for the detailed info version].”  Open you Google Earth Pro, then select the Detailed Info Version.  This will automatically show on your Google Earth Pro and save to your Temporary My Places folder.  Go to your My Places and Add a folder, title it More Layers.  Go to your Temporary My Places Folder grab the World Koppen addition and move it to your new More Layers folder.   You can click this on and off like the other layers down below.
  1. Participate in a tutorial for Google Earth. Besides our class tutorial you can watch the following:
    1. Navigate in Google Earth:
  • Set Place marks:
  1. Open Google Earth Pro. Turn on both the World Koppen layer under My Places More Layers and the layers:  Borders and Labels, Terrain, and maybe Roads.  Explore the Steppe climates of the world, BSh (orange),  and comparing it with BSk (light tan).   You will be making notes of your exploration in your journal.  You will be turning these in, so make them neat.  To assist you in this make the following table in your journal:
State or Country Region Climate type Geology observations Flora observations  in natural country Flora observations in town/rural


For each area of the world you choose, in your journal note the region (what part [N/S/E/W/central ] of what state or country)Zoom on an orange or tan layer then turn off the World Koppen layer to see the area’s terrain.  Note your geological observations; the form of the land (Is it flat? Are there hills, mountains, rock, etc?)  Also note your flora observations; the type of plant life.  (Are there lots of trees or small shrubs?  Do you see any differences on the edge of a water source or in a town?)  View at least 4 areas of each (4 different areas in the world of BSh (orange) and 4 areas of BSk (light tan).

  1. Go to the following websites and research what the Steppe climate is, what plants and animals often live there, and what the geography of that area looks like. Compare and contrast what you learned here to what you observed on Google Earth.  Write a couple paragraphs stating your comparisons.
    1. Steppe description, flora and animal (see the side bar for specifics) and and
    2. Historical notes:
    3. Video 1:
    4. Video 2:
    5. Video 3: Habitat and life —
  2. Choose one area which you explored and include the following information in your notes. List the sources for your information and cite the source for each note.  You will be including this information in a research paper.
    1. What is the area you chose? State its country and specific region.
    2. What is the climate type? Describe what that means.  Describe the temperature and precipitation for each of the seasons.
    3. Describe geological features in that area which you observed from Google Earth and add descriptions you found online in regard to that specific area. Include the type of soil.  Is it fertile?
    4. Describe the flora density which you observed from Google Earth. Add a list of natural plant life that abounds in that area from your research online or in a book.  (You do not need to include all the plant life.  Just include the major varieties.)
    5. From your online or book sources, what kinds of animals live there? Include at least three native reptiles, three native birds, and three native mammals.
    6. What is the population density per square mile?
    7. What are the water sources for life there?
    8. What type of farming do people do there, if any?
    9. In Google Earth zoom into a natural (native land) portion of your area. Make sure the Places, 3D Buildings, and Labels Layers are turned on.  Place 3 Placemarks showing geological features or areas of interest.  Make Google Earth image and save it.  Do the same for a rural town in your area.  In the town your Placemarks should include items of interest.  Incorporate both of these images in your paper.

  1. Write and turn in a research paper including the above information. The rough draft is due ___________.  The final draft is due ______________.
  2. The paper should include the following:
    1. Title page including the Title of the paper, the region area studied, date, and author
    2. Introductory paragraph
    3. Body including sections or paragraphs on each of the areas above, including the climate, geological features, flora, fauna (animals), population, and water sources. Be sure to note the sources of your information using superscript letters or numbers.  For example:   According to ….. land.3
    4. Google earth images (as stated above in 5.i.) where they best fit in your paper. For example, your natural land image may relate best to your geological feature paragraph or section and should be placed there, whereas your rural town image may relate best to your section or paragraph on population and should be incorporated in that section.
    5. Conclusion
    6. Biography, which lists the sources.
  3. Complete Quiz

Quiz                      Google Earth Steppe Climate

  1. Which option describes a Steppe climate:
    1. Temperatures remain relatively constant throughout the year and the area receives at least 20 inches of rain a year. There is a lot of vegetation.
    2. Temperatures are hot during the day and cold at night. Very little rain falls.  The soil is dry.  Vegetation is sparse.
    3. Temperatures vary with the season. Precipitation may average 5-16 inches a year, but most falls during the winter months.  Vegetation is sparse and includes sagebrush and grasses.
    4. Temperatures are warm to hot throughout the year. There are forests, woodlands, and shrub vegetation.  Rainfall is mostly in the winter and spring.
  2. Which animals might you find in the Steppe habitat?
    1. rattlesnake, fox, antelope, falcon, lizard
    2. bear, deer, porcupine, moose
    3. monkey, anaconda, tapir, parrot
    4. starfish, seal, walrus, frog
  3. Which map shows where you might find the Steppe habitat or climate?

  1. What flora or vegetation might we find in the Steppe habitat?



  1. Write another interesting fact you learned about the Steppe environment or the specific steppe area you studied, which hasn’t been covered on this quiz so far.



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Solution in Motion

This is a week long theme which follows chapter 8 of What to Do When Your Temper Flares by Dawn Huebner, Ph. D.   This book helps children of all ages gain techniques to control anger whether they have a major anger management problem or not.  We all get angry at times.  How we respond and control this volatile emotion can either put a solution in motion or build a problem.  In her book the chapter is entitled, “Anger-Dousing Method #4:  Solve the Problem.”

I went through this book with the kids attending our after school program.  We did a chapter each week so that we could review and practice the concepts taught.  Since we had the full afternoon each day, I found activities that went along with each chapter. These activities could be a stand alone unit on solving puzzles.   The compilation of the activities follows.  The daily themes are:

  • Solve It
  • Problems
  • Agreement Bridge
  • Solutions
  • Puzzles

Solve it

Getting Started

  • Read What to Do When Your Temper Flares by Dr. Dawn Huebner Chapter 8
  • Discuss: How to solve problems then role play some of the problems and solutions on pages 64-69.  Another option is to do this as another activity.  This option can be found below under Drama.
  • Main Ideas:  First, slow down so you can open the door to your thinking brain, then either work out the problem or just move on.

Snack & Nutrition

  • You might want to go all out and get puzzle cookie cutters, which you can also use on bread and make fun sandwiches.  Here are some ideas from Pinterest.
  • You can make your own like shown on the video below.  This one is done with hearts, but you can let your kids get creative and use other shapes, too.

Art & Crafts

  • Tangram puzzles / Shape pictures – make pictures using shapes – Can you figure out the shapes needed or where the given shapes go when just given the outline of the picture?  What options are there?
  • Printable cards by Making Learning Fun
  • Tangram puzzles by Tangram Channel
  • Video showing some samples by AJ Pierce


  • Role-play  — Get some friends together, choose and practice one of the role-play scenarios on pages 64-69 or make up one of your own problem and solution scenario to act out.  This scenario might be something that happened to you or someone you know.
  • Puppets — Make or choose a couple puppets to do one of the role-play scenarios or make up your own problem and solution scenario for the puppets to act out.
  • Plan to present the above skits or puppet shows during the Getting Started time tomorrow.


  • Puzzle time!  Get out your favorite puzzles and enjoy putting them together!
  • Puzzle Challenge — Have a puzzle for each team which are similar in ability level.   Get ready!  Get set!  Go!  Each team tries to be the winner in putting together the puzzle.

Fun With Math

  • Really all the above activities are encourage the math concepts of geometry and problem solving.



Getting Started

  • Discuss: Review how to solve problems.
    1. Calmly and clearly state how you feel and what you want
    2. You may need to brainstorm or talk about possible flexible solutions
    3. You may need to compromise
    4. You may need to just move on.
  • Have those who did the Drama activity the day before present their problem and solution scenarios either as a skit or puppet show.

Snack & Nutrition

  • Buddy snack:  Have various snack options or various things to make either a smoothy or a trail mix out of.  Everyone chooses a buddy.  Each pair of buddies will be eating exactly the same snack.  They will make a trail mix to share or a smoothy to share, or choose the same thing from the options given.  By doing so they will practice discussing their owns wants, listening to the other person, compromising and agreeing.


  • Puppet shows —Aesop fables – have puppets and recording of fables available along with book to look at.  Check out the scripts on the kidsinco website.
  • Play Kid’s Choices or a Character Kid’s Game where kid’s answer various scenarios
  • Here are some fun examples:

Construction and Science

  • 3-D puzzles
  • Use Lego’s or K’nex to construct a simple project from a given picture.  Here are some picture ideas for Lego and K’nex.  Given a picture of a completed project – can you make this?  Figure out how to complete project.  How close were you able to come to the picture?  Variation:  Have one of the kids build something simple and have others duplicate it.
  • Marble mazes – make a Lego maze for a marble to go through like a pinball machine.  Start with one marble.  The more marbles you try to do at once, the more difficult it will be.   Our kids got creative with tunnels and ramps, too.
  • Roll It — make a maze or marble run on the wall with toilet paper rolls and other cylinders or funnels to make a marble go from point A to B.  Make it simple:

Or more complicated:


Number Fun

Fun With Words

  • The plot thickens — In most good stories the characters have a problem to solve.  Map out your plot.  Write a story.  Do you want to take mapping a plot to the next level?  Check out this Writing Workshop blog.

Fitness Fun

  • Check out these problem solving activities for kids by Icebreaker Ideas.  Activities include: Walk the Plank, Laser Web, and guess my Animal
  • Have a treasure hunt.  Each clue should be a riddle or give a problem where the solution is where the next clue or treasure is.  Here’s a sample from The Spruce.

Agreement Bridge

Program Potpourri/Circle Time

  1. The Agreement Bridge comes from a class I took before doing this unit.  The theory and idea behind the Agreement Bridge is explained in the following article:
  2. Discuss: What the Agreement Bridge is and how to play – see hand-out – basically, each person has a marker on an end of a ruler and move it closer to the middle when they feel they are closer to an agreement.  To come to an agreement they take turns talking about various topics.  Person 1 chooses a topic and they both take a turn to talk about that, then Person 2 chooses a topic.  Topics include: Greetings, Problem (own perspective), Swap (problem from other’s point of view), Smart choices, Foolish choices, & Changes willing to make.

Snack & Nutrition

  • Spilt milk – spill 3 tablespoons of milk or colored water on a plate.   What does it look like?  Work with a partner and come to an agreement on what the random shape looks like.

Art & Crafts

  • Partner art – draw or paint a picture with a partner – talk about what you will be drawing and how it will look – come to an agreement & do it
  • Play the Agreement Bridge about a problem you have had before (or now)


  • Puppet Show — Continue making and practicing your Aesop or problem & solution scenario puppet shows or skits from yesterday

Construction and Science

  • Building project:  Build a bridge using items of your choice.  Who can build the longest bridge? – strongest?  – widest?  – tallest?  Which worked the best? Lego, K’nex, blocks, or _____________?

Fun With Words

  • The Plot thickens — continue your story.

Fitness Fun

  • Play football (or your favorite ball game) – work as a team; Show good sportsmanship


Getting Started

  1. Review the Agreement Bridge and chapter 8
  2. Solutions (in science) — Solutions are groups of molecules that are mixed and evenly distributed in a system. Scientists say that solutions are homogenous systems. Everything in a solution is evenly spread out and thoroughly mixed. Heterogeneous mixtures have a little more of one thing (higher concentration) in one part of the system when compared to another.Let’s compare sugar in water (H2O) to sand in water. Sugar dissolves and is spread throughout the glass of water. The sand sinks to the bottom. The sugar-water is a homogenous mixture while the sand-water is a heterogeneous mixture. Both are mixtures, but only the sugar-water can also be called a solution.
    1. Solute – item dissolved or made to disappear in the other (solvent)
    2. Solvent – substance in which the other item is made to dissolve in
    3. Solute + solvent = solution
    4. In mixtures the items mixed can be separated (such as in a trail mix or salad)
    5. In solutions, the solvent and solute is mixed so thoroughly they aren’t recognized as separate substances. However they can be separated

Snack & Nutrition

  • Juice Mix – make a solution of water, and various juice concentrates – enjoy!
  • Lemonade Solution — use equal portions of water, sugar, and lemon juice.  Try this Lemonade recipe from Simply Recipes

Arts & Crafts (and a little science, too)

  • Mix colors of liquid paint – separate using chromatography – put a strip of paper towel or coffee filter in the cup with the solution and see the colors spread up to different heights

Science Solutions

  • Is it a solution? Mix in separate cups of water:  sand / sugar / salt / borax — use various temperatures of water – Which temperature can you blend in more salt or sugar?
  • How can you separate the solvent from the solute? Start the process  (put a string in the salt, sugar, or borax and watch for crystals while the water evaporates)

Fun With Words

  • Finish your story and share it with some friends.
  • Practice your skit or puppet show.  Be ready to share it tomorrow.



Getting Started

  • Have those who have written stories or prepared skits or puppet shows share them with the group, if they desire.   Or they can share it with a smaller group at the Fun With Words area.
  • Discuss: Puzzle and Problem solving strategies – ask kids and make a list of strategies they’ve learned over the week.

Snack & Nutrition

  • Sticks and Squares –  Here are some fun puzzles to figure out using sticks to make squares from Learning Tree or triangles from Puzzle

Art & Crafts

  • Magazine puzzles – cut out a picture from a magazine. Option A glue it to   construction paper & cut it out in large puzzle pieces with lots of turns.  Option B:  line up enough popsicle sticks side by side for the magazine picture to fit on, then glue it to the popsicle sticks.  Cut between the sticks to make a puzzle.


  • Puzzle Time — Choose a challenging puzzle to do

Fun With Words

  • Share your story with friends
  • Share your puppet show or skit


See more themes that follow the other chapters here.

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Catalyst or Inhibitor?

“Recognizing Sparks” is Chapter 9 of the book, What to Do When Your Temper Flares by Dawn Huebner, Ph.D., which this unit is based off of.  The following activities were compiled for an after school program which I was doing at the time.  I hope your kids enjoy them as much as we did.  Unfortunately I was unable to take pictures of us doing the activities, so the videos and others’ pictures will have to suffice.

We did a slightly different topic each day of the week after reading or reviewing the chapter.  The daily topics included:

  • Is That a Spark?
  • Catalyst for Change
  • Cause & Effect
  • Investigators
  • Super Sleuth

WEEK 9 – Catalyst vs. Inhibitor

Is That a Spark?

Getting Started

  1. Read What to Do When Your Temper Flares by Dr. Dawn Huebner Chapter 9
  2. Discuss: What sparks your anger or other emotions?  There are some great chart ideas on pages 77, 79, and 80.  We did these as whole group discussions and gave the kids the opportunity to fill out their own charts, also.

Snack & Nutrition

  1. A slice of Apple – the oxygen in air causes oxidation in apples (it turns the slices brown) Does the knife matter?  Cut an apple with various knives – plastic, steel,…  Does the container matter?  Try copper or iron and compare to glass or plastic.  What inhibits the oxidation?  Try:  lemon juice, salt, salt water, sugar, sugar water, vinegar, …. what else?  Chart what was added and how long the apple stays white until it turns brown & show the color of brown it turned
    • Connection:  We talked about what causes anger.  We compared these causes to sparks starting the fire of our temper.  Fire needs fuel, heat and oxygen.  What causes apples to turn brown?
  2. Have apples for snack.  Spice them up by having some dipping options such as caramel, peanut butter, chocolate, cinnamon, nuts, or candy sprinkles

Art & Crafts

  • Spark and sparkle — Glitter slime (You can avoid or ignore a spark and decide to sparkle instead)  Here’s a recipe:
    • whisk together:
      • 1 bottle of sparkly glue
      • 1 bottle of water, after dumping the glue bottle into your bowl, refill it with water
    • mix separately (mix until borax is dissolved):
      • 1/2 tsp of borax
      • 1 cup warm water
    • slowly add a bit of the borax mixture to the glue mixture while stirring the glue mixture.  This is the tricky part!  Watch the video to see the magic portion.

Investigative Science

  • Shine a Penny – put dull, oxidized pennies in 4 separate solutions each in its own non-metallic container:
    1. salt water;
    2. water;
    3. vinegar;
    4. 6T vinegar + 2 T salt (this makes hydrochloric acid).
  • Which solution works the best?  The dull film on the pennies breaks down when the oxygen atoms in it join the atoms in the acid mixture, leaving the pennies shining like new.  [Science Experiments vol. 1 by Joan Bentley and Linda Hobbs p. 55-56]
  • Check out a similar experiment plus extra ideas on Hoop-la kids’ video below:

Fun With Words

  • Journal: What sparks emotion, in me?
    • anger / joy / silliness / industriousness (hard work) …

Fitness Play

  • Cheer – spark great playing by giving an encouraging cheer


Catalyst for Change

Getting Started

  1. Discuss: What is it that causes you to get angry or want to throw a fit?
  2. This cause is similar to a catalyst.  What is a Catalyst?
    • A catalyst is a substance that causes a chemical reaction to happen more quickly OR a person or event that quickly causes change or action. —Webster dictionary
    • Another definition: A catalyst is a chemical that changes the rate of a chemical reaction, but does not become part of the product. ( )
      • Catalyst generally increases the rate of a chemical reaction.
      • Catalysts are not all the same, one type of catalysts cause chemicals to break apart forming two or more smaller molecules. Other types of catalysts cause two or more chemicals to combine forming one large molecule.
      • Catalysts in living organisms are called enzymes.
    • A third definition: A catalyst is like adding a bit of magic to a chemical reaction. Reactions need a certain amount of energy in order to happen. If they don’t have it, oh well, the reaction probably can’t happen. A catalyst lowers the amount of energy needed so that a reaction can happen more easily.
  3. Another way to explain it is:

Snack & Nutrition

  • Snack:  Pretzels — after you make them
  • Yeast reactions & Pretzels – testing for catalysts and inhibitors of yeast:
    1. Dissolve a cake active yeast, fresh in 1 cup of 85° F water. Divide the yeast solution into 3 small glasses.  Put ¼ tsp. sugar in 1st glass, ¼ tsp. sugar & ¼ tsp. salt in 2nd glass, and nothing in the 3rd glass as a control.
    2. Put the 3 glasses in a pot and add enough 90°F water so that it comes near the top of the glasses without going into any of them.
    3. Observe: Which glass has the most activity?  Which glass has the least?  Does salt inhibit yeast activity or is it a catalyst?  How can you tell?
    4. Use yeast in the glasses to make pretzels: Pour the contents of each glass into a large bowl.  Add between 4 and 4 ½ cups flour. Mix to form a stiff dough.  Knead on a floured surface for about 8 minutes or until smooth and elastic.
    5. Oil a large bowl and put in kneaded dough and turn it so the oiled surface is on top so that it won’t dry out. Cover the dough with a clan, damp towel.  Let rise in a warm place until double in size
    6. Punch down the dough with your fist. Grease cookie sheet.  Shape the dough into pretzels (or other shapes) and put them on the sheet.
    7. Use a pastry brush to paint each pretzed with egg yolk that has been beaten with a tablespoon of water. Sprinkle the pretzels with  coarse salt.
    8. Preheat oven to 475°. Let the pretzels rise again in a warm place until they are almost double in size.  Bake for about 10 minutes or until the pretzels are firm and golden brown. — Enjoy
      • [Science Experiments You Can Eat by Vicki Cobb p. 110-112]

Arts and Crafts

  • Catalyst model using paper (catalyst) and paperclips (2 chemicals to be combined)
    1. Note that the spotted paper clip on the left is clipped on the first two layers of the folded paper.
    2. The black paper clip on the right is clipped on the second and third layers of the folded paper.
    3. Caution: Wear eye protection. The paper clips tend to fly out if the paper is pulled quickly.
    4. Holding the two free ends of the folded paper, pull the ends  in opposite directions until the paper is stretched out.
    5. Summation: The movement of the paper results in the paper clips being joined.
    6. The folded paper represents a catalyst which increases the possibility that two chemicals (colored paper clips) will combine. The combined paper clips represent a new chemical product. The catalyst is actively involved in the chemical combination  (connection of the paper clips) but the catalyst (paper) is not a reactant or part of the product. The catalyst can be used over and over again.

Investigative Science

  • ELEPHANT TOOTHPASTE — Catalyst Yeast in hydrogen peroxide (with color and soap)
    • You, too can make elephant toothpaste, with the following ingredients:
      • 110 ml of hydrogen peroxide
      • 1 packet of dry yeast
      • 15 ml of warm water (plus more later)
      • liquid dish soap
      • a flask
      • safety goggles & gloves


  • Potato Enzyme, Catalase — Catalase is an enzyme in bodies and plants that breaks down hydrogen peroxide as a catalyst.  Potatoes have this enzyme so it is easy to get.  Find the following activity and the science behind it at Practical Biology.
    1. Cut up a raw potato and mash it.  Do not cook it, cooking will break down the enzyme so it won’t work
    2. Place the mashed potato in a test tube or other small container.
    3. Add hydrogen peroxide.  If there is catalase present, foam should be produced.

Fun with Words

  • Catalyst  – You be the catalyst to change a word one letter at a time.   For example:  find > fine > dine > dice > dose    You can find a dose of happiness!
  • What does yeast do – create a poster or make a journal entry

Fitness Play

  • Tag – a tag creates a change of who is it

Cause & Effect

Getting Started

  1. Discuss: What happens if you yell for something or throw a fit?  Will you get it?  What is the consequence?  What happens if you ask nicely and make plans?  Which way makes everyone happier?
  2. Discuss: Cause is = the reason why something happened.   Effect = the result (What happened?)  Check out Mrs. Warner’s ideas here.
    • Talk about it:  The reason ___ happened was because of _____.   If ____ hadn’t happened, then ____.  Due to this event ___ .  This explains why ______.
    • Key words:  so, since, this is why, outcome, if __ – then __, because, cause, lead to , due to , therefore, reason, consequently, result

Snack & Nutrition

  1. Salad:  Start with cut lettuce, add fresh apple chunks, dried cranberries, and pecans.  Serve with your favorite
  2. Experiment with your food —
    • Apple Malady — What happens if you store apples with the following food?  Try it out.  (This fine idea comes from Everything2)
      • Choose either lettuce, broccoli, bananas, cucumbers,  OR watermelon
      • Get the item (for example, lettuce)  Put half of it in one bag and the other half in a second bag along with a few slices of a raw apple.  Bag #1 is your control.  Bag #2 will show you what cut apples and their enzyme does to the given vegetable or fruit.
      • “Facts:  As an interesting (and potentially useful) side note, the browning of apples releases ethylene gas which is known to induce flowering of many plants, including pineapples, and ripening of fruits such as tomatoes, citrus, and melons.”
      • “Don’t store apples near lettuce (causes spots and wilting), broccoli, cucumbers (turns them yellow), bananas (makes them brown faster), watermelon (makes it pulpy), or leafy greens (they’ll lose their colour)”


  • Charades – with cause and effect – Each team is made up of partners who act out the item together. Such as:  seed getting watered & growing; ball pitched & kicked/batted; wet dog shaking and getting others wet; waiter trips and drops trays of food;

Investigate Science

  • Jell-O .. Oh no — Pineapple breaks down gelatin protein bonds – add fresh pineapple to Jell-O that is set up —
  • Dry tissue – put a tissue in a cup then holding it upside down, put it straight down into a bowl or bucket of water.  If the cup goes in straight, the air in the cup is kept there by the water pressure and the tissue stays dry.

Fun With Words

  • Set out cards with causes & let kids write out possible effects
  • Cause and effect matching – match cards with pictures (younger kids)
  • Read: If You Give a Mouse a Cookie (or other companion book)
  • Make a poster that shows describes cause and effect

Fitness Play

  • Play your favorite ball game — Look for cause and effect when you hit, kick, or catch the ball


Getting Started

  1. Discuss: Investigators search for clues and then test the evidence to discover the truth.
  2. Discuss: Have you Investigated what sparks anger in you?  Maybe you did some introspection or inner thinking.  Maybe you kept a journal of cause and effects.  Maybe you asked others what they have noticed.  If you haven’t, you still have time to do so.
  3. For lots of kids, it’s when they don’t get what they want. If you don’t get what you want right then, what can you do?  [Ask nicely with manners and see if there is a time that you can get it or something just as nice.  Ask if there is a way you can earn the privilege.]  Is everybody going to get everything they want all the time?  [No!  We all have times we don’t get what we want.  We might have to wait … sometimes for a very long time or we might even never get it.  Other times we have to work hard to get it.]
  4. Today we have several other challenges for you to solve.

Snack & Nutrition

  • Nutrition Investigators — Which item has more sugar?  Which one has more vitamins or is more nutritious?
    • snack bar, rice crispy bar, or brownie
    • apple sauce, apple, dried apple, (& maybe Apple Jacks)

Arts and Crafts

  • Make an investigator badge
  • Make an investigator folder
  • Color the investigator

Investigate Science

  • Expanding Capsules – In what solution will the foam capsule expand the fastest and biggest? –predict and watch —   Put a foam capsule in each of the following liquids and observe.  In which liquid does the capsule dissolve the fastest?  Liquids: ice water, warm water, vinegar, club soda
  • Hidden Ticker – find a hidden ticking clock or timer using just ears [Big Science Little Hands Super Sleuths]

Fun With Words

  • Read a story about an investigators.  Check out the top 10 by the Nerdy Book Club.
  • Write a story or comic about a mystery solved by an investigator.

Sports Zone/Games/Physical Fitness

  • Treasure Hunt — Have kids partner up and make a treasure hunt for another team or set of partners.

Super Sleuth

Program Potpourri/Circle Time

  1. Review: Have you been a Super Sleuth?  Have you found when or what sparks your anger?
  2. For lots of kids, it’s when they don’t get what they want. If you don’t get what you want right then, what can you do?  [Ask nicely with manners and see if there is a time that you can get it or something just as nice.  Ask if there is a way you can earn the privilege.]  Is everybody going to get everything they want all the time?  [No!  We all have times we don’t get what we want.  We might have to wait … sometimes for a very long time or we might even never get it.  Sometimes we have to work hard to get it.]

Snack & Nutrition

  • Super Sleuth Snack — Oh no! The snack is gone!  Where is it?  Find and follow the clues.
  • Suggested snack: bananas, snack bar, and pudding
  • Preparation: On the snack table place a tray that is empty except a sticker from the banana, a pudding lid, and snack bar crumbs. Hide the snack.  Place the following clues on a “path” from the snack table to where the snack is hidden.
    • banana peel
    • snack bar wrapper
    • snack bar crumbs
    • a smudge of pudding on a note
    • a spoon that obviously had pudding licked off of it.

Imagine That/Art & Crafts/Drama

  • Glitzy Crime – 3-5 different types of glitter (Purchase the same color glitter in different shapes and sizes from a local craft store. SciGirls recommends Tulip Fashion Glitter in silver fine jewel, silver fine hologram and silver medium hologram and Creatology Glitter in sterling and silver.) — The suspect spilled glitter while taking off with the jewels.  A glitter trail can determine who the suspect is.  Closely observe the glitter samples and determine who the suspect is. Set up four to six stations, each containing a shallow dish with a small sample of glitter. Label one station as the crime scene, and the rest with suspects’ names. Make sure that one of the suspect glitter samples matches the crime scene glitter! [from ]

Investigate Science

  • Who left their finger prints on the window?
    • Preparation:  have someone (or yourself) put fingerprints on the window or a glass.  Check out CSI Science: Get the Prints for an easy way to make fingerprints using pencil graphite and easy way to discover them with powder or cocoa.
    • Have a finger print identification chart available.
    • Have everyone make an identification card.  Each person will have a 3×5 card.  On their card they should write their name and place a fingerprint of each of their fingers.
    • The Super Sleuths should compare the finger print cards with the fingerprints on the window (or glass)

Game Time

  • Game Day – Choose a game to play — such as Sorry!  Uno!  Dominoes, Life, or any others which are available. – Think about what your strategy will be, along the way practice good sportsmanship: follow the rules, take your turn, congratulate the winner and know it is OK to not win.

Fitness Play


See more chapters from this unit on Managing Temper Flares here


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Chill or Thrill

Chapter 7:  Anger-Dousing Method #3:  Release Anger Safely

Something happens and we coil up and spring into action.  That action is often a anger and is a reaction to whatever happened.  What actions will release the pent up emotions without hurting ourselves or others?  This theme is based on chapter 7 of Dawn Huebner’s book, “What to Do When Your Temper Flares.”   This chapter’s theme is divided into the following sub-themes:

  • Quick Release
  • Go Fast!
  • Relax….
  • Hobbies and Fun Times
  • Pure Enjoyment


Quick Release

Getting Started

  • Read What to Do When Your Temper Flares by Dr. Dawn Huebner Chapter 7
  • Discuss: Active things you like to do.  Sedentary things you like to do.   Write 1 of each on a 3×5 card to be used later for the charades activity.

Art & Crafts

  • Charades – use 3×5 cards that kids made of their active and sedentary things they like to do – 1 person draws a card, acts out the activity given and others guess it
  • Hot Potato – Practice a quick release by playing this fun traditional game.  Players sit in a circle and pass a bean bag (or warm rice bag or potato) around the circle while music plays. The person who has the bag when the music stops is out (optional:  on their first turn out, they may turn off music).  Winner gets prize.

Engineering & Science Investigation

  • Quick Release Knot — Tie a quick release knot (used for tying horses to a rail)
    1. Put the end of the rope through the tie ring or around the post.
    2. Wrap the loose end once around the rope, creating a circle and then wrap it a couple more times
    3. Fold the loose end into a loop, and pull it through the circle.
  • Rubber release – shoot rubber bands at a designated target – not at people or in their direction.  This is best done in a corner where there is no cross traffic.  Place the target in the corner.  Have the participant shoot several rubber bands and then go retrieve them and give the next participant a turn.

Fun With Words

  • Play a game where speed is the name of the game.  Some examples are:
    • Blurt!
    • Outburst!
    • Speed (card game)

Sports Zone/Games/Physical Fitness

  • Ultimate Frisbee – can not run with the Frisbee – catch it and throw it to a team mate; try to throw into the end zone


Go Fast!

Getting Started

  • Discuss: One way to release anger is to get moving!  What ways can you ‘get moving? — Brainstorm
  • Read or review pages 51-53
  • Choose 4 volunteers to act out their favorite active activity and others guess it

Snack & Nutrition

  • What do you eat when you are on the move and need a quick bite?
    • Try different snack bars and graph which ones your group likes best
    • Make a Trail Mix — Set out various ingredients such as:  Chex cereal, little crackers,  raisins, dried cranberries, nuts, M&M’s, etc.

Art & Crafts

  • Choose a sport craft.  There are many ideas online.
    • sports ball cartoons — start with a basket ball (or your favorite sport ball) add eyes, mouth, arms and legs.
    • jersey — cut out a shirt stencil and decorate it like your favorite team or design one for your fantasy team
    • pennant – make a flag for your team

Fitness Play

  • Minute Challenges – How many can you do in 1 minute – jump rope in place, sit-ups, push-ups, jumping jacks, toe ups (stand on toes then feet on ground and back to toes…), one foot hops (must stay in a 2’ square area), stationary ball dribble (must stay in 3’ square area)



Getting Started

  • Review Chapter 7 and how getting active can help us release anger safely.
  • Discuss: Another way to release anger safely is to relax!  What are some ways you can relax – review & practice those from the book:  breathe deeply, stretch, squeeze and gentle taps
  • Read or review pages 54-61

Snack & Nutrition

  • By scent – close eyes & take a deep whiff of the food items presented – What is it?  This activity is a great way to practice breathing deeply and enjoying the smells.

Art & Crafts

  • Hug! Make a hug craft.  Check out these online ideas.  Add a label “I love me” “I’m OK”
    • Hugger — Make a construction paper or card stock person.  Cut out a square or shirt shape.  Add a circle for the head and draw a face.  You might want to glue on some yarn for hair.  Add 2 long rectangles for arms.  On a separate piece of paper draw around your hands, cut them out and add them to the arms.  Fold the arms into a hug.  Add a message on the front of the T-shirt.
    • Make a hug pop-out card

Science Investigation

  • Deep Breathing –
    • Measure air exhaled


Fun With Words

  • Write a list of ways you personally can relax
  • Make an acrostic poem using the word RELAX or REST
    • Relax
    • Expression reflections – funny faces in the mirror
    • Stretch then Squeeze – that’s a hug for me
    • Tap my own shoulders as I give myself a gentle hug

Sports Zone/Games/Physical Fitness

  • Tai Chi – Practice body and breathing control

Hobbies and fun times

Getting Started

  • Discuss: What are your hobbies?  What does your family enjoy doing for fun?  What do you enjoy doing for fun?  Our hobbies might be things that we have fun doing actively or they might be quiet relaxing things.  Getting active and relaxing are two ways we can safely release anger and other pent up emotions.
  • Invite kids to bring something tomorrow that shows what their hobby is

Snack & Nutrition

Art & Crafts

  • Collage – cut and paste pictures of hobbies and fun activities from magazines onto a large poster; can draw pictures and add them to the poster also
  • Paint a picture that shows what your hobby is
  • Hobby:  Art — What kind of art do you like to do?  Do it!  You can draw, paint, color, make something with construction paper or whatever you like to do!

The Nature of It/Construction/Science

  • Build something that represents what your hobby is (i.e. what you like to do for fun)
  • Hobby:  Building — What do you like to build with?  Get it and start building!  You can build with K’nex, Lego, Lincoln Logs, magnets, or whatever you like to build with!

Fun With Words

  • Hobby:  Reading — What do you like to read?  Read it!
  • Hobby:  Writing — What do you like to write?  Write it!  You can write a story, poem, comic strip or whatever you like to write!

Fitness Play

  • Hobby:  Play time!  Go outside and enjoy playing your favorite games or try some new ones.  Here’s some ideas from Wired or Buzzfeed.
  • Hobby:  Sports — What is your favorite sport?  Gather together some friends and your family and have fun playing your favorite sport!

Pure enjoyment

Getting Started

  • Talk about keeping an enjoyable environment by being cooperative, having a good attitude, and showing respect.  Practice sharing, taking turns, solving problems with calm discussions by role playing.  See how from this great article from Mind Tools.  Try out some of these online ideas.

Snack & Nutrition

  • Enjoy what you made yesterday or make something new.

Art & Crafts

  • Play dough — Try out these great play dough recipes.  Working with dough is very relaxing.

Building Fun

  • Build It! Build what you want to and have fun!

Fitness Play

  • Go outside for free choice play

Check out other themes and chapters on the way to managing temper flares.


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Sometimes He Calms the StormMUSICAL DRAMATIZATION

This dramatization involves 3 actors and 6 minor actors.  It is written to go with the following song:

Music by:  Scott Krippayne

Dramatization by Janelle Clendenon


On stage have a sail boat and long light blue, medium blue, and white cloth or plastic laid out the length of the stage, as desired.  Stage hands (minor actors) will be stationed on either side of each length of color.  When indicated by the color described, they will lift that color length and move it up and down to demonstrate the action of the waves described.  Jesus figure is wearing white.  Child figure is wearing a color that stands out such as red, green, or purple.  Dark figure wears black.


All who sail the sea of faith find out before too long

Light blue lifted up like sky (top corner held high, bottom corners touching floor or hanging down)


How quickly blue skies can grow dark and gentle winds grow strong

Light blue lowered, all corners held, flapped like waves.  And darker blue held up like sky (top corner held high, bottom corners touching floor or hanging down)


Suddenly fear is like white water pounding on the soul

Add white, a little higher than the light blue, all corners held tight and flapped furiously like white cap waves

Still we sail on knowing that our Lord is in control

            Jesus figure enters scene and stands behind boat


Sometimes He calms the storm with a whispered peace be still

Jesus figure holds up hands. White and light blue stop flapping and lower to floor. Darker blue settles to floor.

He can settle any sea but it doesn’t mean He will

            Lt blue, white and dark blue raised and ready


Sometimes He holds us close and lets the wind and waves go wild

Lt blue, white, and dark blue, all corners held tightly, flapped vigorously like waves

Sometimes He calms the storm and other times He calms His child

Child figure enters.  Jesus figures opens arms, inviting a hug.  They hug.  Meanwhile waves of all colors continue to flap.

Sometimes He calms His child

Pathfinders present musical drama

Nothing can snatch you from His hand

Click here to download a pdf of the Full script.

Click here to download PowerPoint cue slides for Sometimes He Calms the Storm MusicalDramaCUES.

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Pathfinder Bible Experience


Pathfinder Bible Experience encourages young people to read the Bible and place it deep in their hearts.  Find out more about it here.

Pathfinder Bible Experience or PBE in 2017 quizzes Pathfinders on six of Paul’s books or letters.  We encourage you to read these books and see how much you remember by opening the PowerPoint quizzes.

After you open the PowerPoint, be sure to go to  the “Slide Show” tab and click “From beginning” to show the slide show.  Click to progress through the slides and to start the timer.  The answer pops up when the timer is done.

Image result for Paul writing

Paul Wrote many letters

Galatians — A letter to the Christians at Galatia explores the roles of grace and obedience to rules and traditions.

Ephesians — A letter from Paul to the Christians in Ephesus reminds us that Jesus Christ cleans us from the inside out.  We become a new person in thought and action because of His love, grace, and Holy Spirit.

Philippians — A letter from Paul to the Christians in Philippi encourages us to be content in whatever circumstance.  The joy God gives fills us despite whatever storm we may be in at the time, because God IS with us.

Colossians — Paul writes to the Christians in Colosse to remind them that Jesus is the VIP.  He is the Creator, Sustainer, Son of God, and Savior of the World.

1 Timothy — Paul writes to the new young pastor, Timothy to teach him how to set up the new church and be a great pastor.  He reminds all young people that they are capable of doing great things for God, because God has gifted them with talents and enables them to minister to His people.

2Timothy — Paul writes again to Timothy to encourage him to persevere and be faithful.  We too can be faithful workers who please God.




Pathfinder Explorer Honors, Updated!

Pathfinders is the Seventh-day Adventist youth group similar to Boy Scouts and Girl Scouts.
Check it out at

Here is a resource when you teach the following honors that go with the Explorer Class Requirements.  These power points answer all the questions in the honor.  They include suggested You Tube videos explaining the different concepts and may include videos that instruct how to make hands-on projects, too.   Another resource which is available are the Pathfinder Honor Worksheets link

NOTE:  The Power Point presentations open up in the edit format.  You will first need to “enable content” and then select “Slide Show” and either “From Beginning” or “From Current Slide” in order to actually see all the content.  You Tube is no longer allowing flash play embedding so you will need to simply click on the video as stated on the link and it will go to You Tube and show on your browser.


Stars honor  Star Honor Power Point Presentation

Star Honor Requirements link




Stars Advanced honorAdvanced Stars Power Point Presentation

Advanced Star Honor Requirements link

Advanced star honor QUIZ



weather honor

Weather Honor Power Point Presentation

Weather Honor Requirements link




Weather Advanced honorAdvanced Weather Honor Power Point Presentation

Advanced Weather Honor Requirements link

weather chart




Christian Manners & Grooming Power Point Presentation  — Do a section at a time

Christian, Grooming & Manners Requirements link



Basic Emergency Rescue

Basic Rescue Requirements link